Sunday, June 18, 2017

Chek Jawa Wetland Tour (Pulau Ubin) - Part II

The Chek Jawa mudflats was the highlight and stepping down the ladder and finally walking on the intertidal flats to see the beautiful sea grass, shore life and the constant crackling sound of the pistol shrimps brings back memories of the time i was there except this time we are only allowed to walk along the sand bank to prevent damaging the seagrass or areas where the marine life are hidden in the soft muddy ground.

Teeming with life, the NParks tour is organised in such a manner that we walk along the sandbank and various living marine creatures are displayed in plastic containers for us to see and sometimes touch. In certain areas at the edge of the seagrass lagoon, if you pay attention and look close enough it plays host to many of this marine creatures as well. I am really happy to see the Common sea star (Archaster typicus), Peacock Anemone, Sandfish Sea cucumber and the pretty cowrie. However it was unfortunate i didn't see the beautiful and large Knobby sea star.

Welcome to Chek Jawa Intertidal Flats

The low tides exposes the rich marine life

Getting down involves climbing down the ladder 


Sea Anemone with a crab near its mouth 

A large fish trapped in the low tide

Peacock or Tube Anemone 

Unknown worm among the seagrass / seaweeds

Sandfish Sea Cucumber

Cowrie

Coastal Horseshoe Crab (its tail is barbed) 
Common sea star (Archaster typicus)

With the rising tides, we made our way back to the board walk. The beautiful Chek Jawa intertidal flats are still very much alive despite the various reclamation projects in the opposite island Tekong. Chek Jawa is for now very much safe and with more people visiting and experiencing this wonderful place, it is unlikely that its status will be changed. However that been said, in the current URA Masterplan, Ubin is classified as open space, while Chek Jawa is classified as Reserved area. This means that Ubin Island is not listed as a conserved area and thus it could change in the future unless at grass root level, people continue to put pressure to continue to conserve Ubin Island and Chek Jawa as a whole and eventually change its status to be a Nature Reserve.

Screenshot of URA Masterpla





Chek Jawa Wetlands Tour (Pulau Ubin) - Part I

It has been a long, long time since i went back to Chek Jawa mudflats or after been managed by NParks, the Chek Jawa Wetlands Tour. Registration is via the NParks website and cost $60 for a group of up to 15 pax. The dates and timing for this tours are dependent on the tides and tours are arranged when tides of 0.5 metres or below occur exposing the intertidal flats making it suitable for exploring. That means waking up early in the morning and likely on a weekday as well. There are evening low tides as well, but i guess depending on lighting condition, public tours to Chek Jawa mudflats are likely in the morning. For this tour (16th June 2017) i was fortunate to be invited by my friend and his family who knew of my love for Ubin. The meeting point is at the Chek Jawa Information kiosk and getting there requires taking the bumboat from Changi Village ferry terminal ($3 one way) to Ubin Jetty. From there, you could either rent a bicycle there or pay for van ride there (estimate $2 per pax one way)

Rising sun over Pulau Ubin 

Local resident checking us early "birds" out 
The walk to the Chek Jawa mudflats starts downhill from the information kiosk and one of the structures you will see is a well that in the past i remember using to wash up after a walk in the mudflats. I remember there was a pail with rope attached in which i could drop into the well and pull up the crystal clear cold water to wash up. That was in 2003. Fast forward 2017, the well is locked up. The well and the Muslim tombs nearby is a reminder of the residents who once lived, work and for some died there.

Its the macaque's breakfast time

Resident Wild boars curious to see what the buzz is about 

Family of wild boars too busy foraging for food 
We started with the board walk, experiencing the eco-system's there including how to identify the different type of mangrove trees there based on the trees breathing root structure, such as pencil thin Pneumatophores of the Avicennia trees as opposed to the larger conical Pneumatophores of the Sonneratia trees. Nearer to the coast line, the prop or stilt roots of the Rhizophora or Bakau trees take prominence and plays an important role of preventing soil erosion and during high tide, the roots become an instant nursery to small fishes and crabs as larger predatory fishes are unable to navigate their way in the maze of roots.

Board walk with Nipah trees 

Unknown Insect 


Rhizophora / Bakau Tree

Mudskipper 

A curious Fiddler Crab 


Morning rays 

Beautiful Chek Jawa during low yide

Look for the next article [ Chek Jawa Wetlands Tour(Pulau Ubin)-Part II ] where we went down and learn about the living organisms that are found in intertidal flats of Chek Jawa. The NParks Chek Jawa tour can be found from their website.

Sunday, June 11, 2017

Hoe Beng Whatt and family (Bukit Brown)

Hoe Beng Whatt of Messers. Patterson, Simons and Co is the son of Mr and Mrs Hoe Hoon Seng. Hoe Beng Whatt passed away at the  age 54 passed away at his residence, no 140 Rangoon Road on May 4, 1929. He leaves behind a widow, Chan Guek Neo, one son, Hoe Keng Hock, one daughter, Hoe Hock Neo, one adopted son, Hoe (Lee Yam Chong) and one adopted daughter, Hoe Oh Nah and two sons-in-laws; Chan Kim Seng and Wee Song Kay.

Tomb of Mr and Mrs Hoe Beng Whatt

Madam Chan Guek Neo passed away on 10th December 1929 at her residence, no 140 Rangoon Road. She was 55 years of age and leaves behind a son, Hoe Keng Hock and two daughter and two son-in-laws (Messrs. Wee Song Kay and Chan Kim Seng ) to mourn her loss. According to the obituary article, she was buried in Bukit Brown, however on the tomb no date and age was engraved but a further check on the burial registrar provides evidence of this burial. This shows that we can't always assume no one is buried there if there is no dates engraved. Husband and wife died in 1929 and are buried in Hill 3 Section A, plot 357 and 381.


Burial Registrar entry for Madam Chan Guek Neo


Keramat Kusu Datuk Nenek


Kusu Island is one of the Sourthern Islands of Singapore accessible by public ferries from Marina South ferry terminal. A Chinese temple and three Malay keramat (shrine) on the island are the main attraction which draws pilgrims to pray annually. Kusu means “tortoise” or “turtle” in Hokkien. The shrine is popular with devotees seeking divine intervention from this Malay "saints" in the form of wealth, marriage, fertility, good health and harmony.  Up 152 flight of steps are the 3 Malay Keramat or shrines of this "saints" dedicated to Syed Abdul Rahman while the other two are believed to belong to his mother, Nenek Ghalib, and his sister, Puteri Fatimah Shariffah. There are inscriptions in 3 languages (Chinese, Jawi and Malay) which describes the visit of Dato Nenek to Hoe Beng Whatt at his residence in 140 Rangoon Road in 1917 and has the legend goes via his dreams requesting for the construction of the shrine and in return, success in business will be granted. Whether this is true or not, Hoe Beng Whatt and other benefactors which include; Tay Guan Kiat, Ong Chwee Tow, Tan Seng Chong, Kum Peng Huat, Yeo Wah Hin, Mrs. Tay Kim Neo.

Keramat Datuk Nenek 


Stone Inscription of the Benefactors

Family


Mother: Mrs Hoe Hoon Seng nee Madam Tan Gin Neo
Mrs. Hoe Hoong Seng, mother of Mr. Hoo Beng Whatt of Messrs. Paterson, Simons and Co. passed away at the age of 64 years at her son's residence, 140 Rangoon Road on 29 April 1917. She was buried at the 4th mile, Bukit Timah Road Chinese Cemetery. She is survived by 3 sons, one daughter and several grandchildren. With the rediscovery of Mrs. Hoe Hoon Seng tomb at Lao Sua, we know the names of the children as well; Mrs. Hoe Hoon Seng is survived by 3 sons ( Hoe Beng Whatt, Hoe Choon Whatt, Hoe Eng Whatt ), 1 daughter ( Hoe Cheng Neo ), and several grandchildren.
Mrs. Hoe Hoon Seng nee Madam Tan Gin Neo
(photo courtesy of Raymond Goh)

Daughter: Hoe Hock Neo
Notice of engagement was announced between Chan Kim Seng of Sime Darby and Co. Ltd , eldest son of the late Mr and Mrs. Chan Yew Hong with Miss Hoe Hock Neo, youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs. Hoe Beng Whatt. The marriage will take place on 22nd July 1925.

Adopted Son: Lee Yam Chong 
Mrs. Wee Song Kay wishes to announced that the marriage of her younger brother, Mr. Lee Yam Chong, son of Mr. T.K. Lee, senior bookkeeper of Messrs. the Asiatic Petroleum Co. (S.S.) Ltd, Johore Bahru to Miss Tan Hock Neo, third daughter of Mrs. Tan Teck Bee and the late Mr. Tan Teck Bee will take place on April 10, 1930 at No. 205 Moulmein Road.



References
Local and Personal. (1917, May 1). The Straits Times, page 6
Births, Marriages and Deaths. (1925, July 16). Malaya Tribune, page 6
Deaths. (1929. May 6). Malaya Tribune, page 8
Death. (1929, December 13). Malaya Tribune, page 8
Announcement. (1930, April 8). The Straits Times, page 6

Saturday, June 10, 2017

Tan Kwee Wah and family (Bukit Brown)

Tan Kwee Wah (29 September 1880 - 21 April 1927) was born in 1880 and the son of Tan Soon Toh. He was educated at the Anglo-Chinese School , Anglo-Chinese Free School and finally at Raffles Institution. Tan Kwee Wah joined the firm of Kim Ching & Co and assisted in the management of the estate of the late Tan Kim Ching. Later, he and Tan Kwee Swee took out probate of the will of Tan Kim Ching and acted as trustees until the estate was finally wound up. Tan Kwee Wah made many investments in property and later rubber plantations. His company was called Tan Kwee Wah & Co. which in the article below describes its business and business address at 28, Boat Quay.

Tan Kwee Wah (photo courtesy of Pat Lin)
Tan Kwee Wah was a well-know patron of horse racing and member of the Singapore Sports Club. He was a President of the Straits Chinese Recreation Club and served in the Committee for the Straits Chinese British Association (SCBA) and member in the board of Management for Tan Tock Seng.

Advertisement, 1919 (source: NewspaperSG)



Chinese Millionaire Volunteers

Tan Kwee Wah was of the original members of the Chinese Co, Singapore Volunteer Infantry (SVI) and one of the Chinese representatives in the Coronation Contingent to London in 1902. He was a dedicated volunteer and received promotion to 1st Lieutenant in 1916.
Is Tan Kwee Wah in this picture? 
In an interesting article in 30th June 1902, it describes The Straits Contingent arrival in Alexandra Palace Grounds. For the first time in England, there is a unit which consists of Chinese Volunteers, British Born Chinese from Singapore (British subjects of Singapore). Within this unit are Chinese Millionaires and the journalist of the article draws parallel with Roosevelt's Roughriders in the Spanish-American War. Among the members are Dr. Lim Boon Keng (member of the Singapore Legislative Council), Song Ong Siang (Barrister-at-law). Other members of this small unit includes, Tan Boo Liat, (merchant prince of Singapore, a great sportsman, owner of Vanitas, which won the Calcutta Cup. It went on to describe the brother of Tan Boo Liat, Tan Kwee Wah and another wealthy Chinese, Tan Hood Guan.

The complete list of The Chinese Co. S.V.I. were Sergt. Lim Boon Keng, Corpl. Song Ong Siang, Lance-Corpl. Chia Keng Chin and Ptes. Tan Chew Kim, Seah Cheng Joo, Cheong Choon Beng and Tan Kwee Wah, while Ptes. Tan Boo Liat and Tan Hood Guan also went at their own expense. Mr. Tan Hup Leong paid a second visit to London in the  role of a sight-seer. The story of their life in camp on Alexandra Palace grounds has been chronicled in the Straits Chinese Magazine (Vol. vi, p.123).

Death

Tan Kwee Wah passed away at the age of 46 on April 21, 1927 at 18 Sophia Road. (On the tomb it states his age as 47). He is survived by his wife, Chew Gek Neo, a secondary wife (name ?), 1 son-in-law, Edward Chia, 7 sons, 7 daughters and 1 grandson. He is buried in Bukit Brown, Hill 2 Section C plot 51. From the tombstone of Mr and Mrs. Tan Kwee Wah, we know the names of the children:
Sons: Tan Teck Bee, Tan Joo Bee, Tan Swee Bee, Tan Hor Bee, Tan Teck Lee, Tan Teck Leng, Tan Teck  Hock
Daughters: Tan Kim Neo, Tan Peck Neo, Tan Keng Neo, Tan Hoon Neo



Chew Gek Neo  (18 March 1884 - 6 October 1964)
Madam Chew Gek Neo, daughter of Chew Boon Lay passed away on 6 October 1964 at the age 81. She is buried in Hill 2 Section B plot 50.



Family

Father: Tan Soon Toh (1854-1891)
Tan Soon Toh had 5 sons and 1 daughter. From geni.com and also the article on the death of Tan Kwee Swee, i gather the names that i know so far are as follows:
Son: Tan Boo Liat, Tan Cheow Pin, Tan Kwee Liang, Tan Kwee Swee, Tan Kwee Wah.
Daughter: ?
Tan Kwee Swee (middle) together with brothers; Tan Kwee Wah, Tan Kwee Liang
(Photo courtesy of Pat Lin)



Brother: Tan Boo Liat (1875-1934)
Tan Boo Liat described as the merchant prince of Singapore, a great sportsman, owner of Vanitas, which won the Calcutta Cup and like his grandfather, Tan Kim Ching, maintained ties with Thailand and was given the title of Phra Anakul Sayamkitch.
Tan Boo Liat (source: NAS)

Brother: Tan Kwee Swee (1879 -1937)
The fourth son of Tan Soon Toh and a great grandson of Tan Tock Seng, Tan Kwee Swee passed away on 29 January 1937  at his residence in No. 8 Swanage Road. In that article, it mentions Tan Kwee Swee as a prominent resident and father of two Queen's Scholar, Mr. Tan Thoon Lip and Miss Maggie Tan (nee Maggie Lim, first female school girl from Singapore to receive the award).
Tan Kwee Swee (source: NewspaperSG)


Son: Tan Teck Bee
Mr. Tan Teck Bee, (eldest son of the late Mr. Tan Kwee Wah and Mrs Tan Kwee Wah) married Miss Loh Seok Neo, (youngest daughter of the late Mr and Mrs, Loh Nee Jean and the youngest sister of Dr. Loh Poon Lip ). The marriage took place in August 1928.
Tan Teck Bee and Loh Seok Neo
Malayan Saturday Post August 4, 1928 (source: NewspaperSG)  

Daughter: Elsie Tan Kim Neo (1905-25th August 1939)
Miss Elsie Tan married Mr. Edward Chia (eldest son of Mr and Mrs Chia Lip Choon of 8 Pinangsia, Batavia) in April 1924. Elsie Tan passed away on 25th August 1939 at the age of  34. From the burial registrar i found out that an yet unnamed infant boy is buried together with Elsie. This is a tomb of a mother and her son (maybe died during child birth ). Listed on the tomb are the names of her sons; Chales / Charles Chia, Henry Chia, Frank Chia, Lewis Chia and daughters; Katharine Chia, Dorothy Chia, Angeline Chia, Annette Chia and Margaret Chia. The tomb is at Hill 4 Section C, plot 1371.

[research on-going]

References
The Straits Contingent. (1909, June 30). The Straits Times, page 5
Advertisements. (1919, September 3).The Straits Times, page 15
Advertisement. (1929, January 3 ). The Straits Times, page 12
Engagement.(1927, December 3)Malaya Tribune, page 8
Death of Tan Kwee Swee. (1937, January 30). Morning Tribune, page 23



Tuesday, June 06, 2017

Elsie Tan Kim Neo and family (Bukit Brown)

Elsie Tan Kim Neo (1905-1939) studied in Raffles Girls School and is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Tan Kwee Wah, niece of Tan Boo Liat, grand-daughter of Tan Soon Toh, great granddaughter of Tan Kim Ching and great great grand daughter of Tan Tock Seng. (source: Geni.com).  The marriage was announced between Miss Elsie Tan ( daughter of Mr and Mrs Tan Kwee Wah of Singapore) to Mr. Edward Chia (eldest son of Mr and Mrs Chia Lip Choon of 8 Pinangsia, Batavia) at the Burgelijkestand Court of Batavia on 16th April 1924.

Tomb of mother and infant son 

Elsie Tan passed away on 25th August 1939 at the age of  34. From the burial registrar i found out that an yet unnamed infant boy is buried together with Elsie. This is a tomb of a mother and her son (maybe died during child birth ). Listed on the tomb are the names of her sons; Chales / Charles Chia, Henry Chia, Frank Chia, Lewis Chia and daughters; Katharine Chia, Dorothy Chia, Angeline Chia, Annette Chia and Margaret Chia. The tomb is at Hill 4 Section C, plot 1371.
Bukit Brown Burial Registrar



Family


Father: Tan Kwee Wah ( 29 September 1880 - 21 April 1927) age 47

Tan Kwee Wah was born in 1880 and educated at the Anglo-Chinese School , Anglo-Chinese Free School and finally at Raffles Institution. He joined the firm of Kim Ching & Co and assisted in the management of the estate of the late Tan Kim Ching. Later, he and Tan Kwee See took out probate on the will of Tan Kim Ching and acted as trustees until the estate was finally wound up. Tan Kwee Wah made many investments in property and later rubber plantations. Tan Kwee Wah was of the of the original members of the Chinese Co, Singapore Volunteer Infantry (SVI) and one of the Chinese representatives in the Coronation Contingent to London in 1902. He was a dedicated volunteer and received promotion to 1st Lieutenant in 1916. He was a well-know patron of horse racing and member of the Singapore Sports Club. He was a President of the Straits Chinese Recreation Club and served in the Committee for the Straits Chinese British Association (SCBA) and member in the board of Management for Tan Tock Seng.

Tan Kwee Wah passed away on April 21, 1927 at 18 Sophia Road. He is survived by his wife, Chew Gek Neo, a secondary wife, 1 son-in-law, Edward Chia, 7 sons, 7 daughters and 1 grandson. He is buried in Bukit Brown.

Mother: Mrs Tan Kwee Wah nee Chew Gek Neo (18 March 1884 - 6 October 1964) age 81
Chew Gek Neo is the daughter of Chew Boon Lay. She passed away on 6 October 1964 at the age of 81.

Husband: Edward Chia / Edward Chia Koon Lock 
From the geni.com records,  Edward Chia full name is Edward Chia Koon Lock. Edward Chia Koon Lock passed away on 5th February 1977.
Edward Chia


(research on-going)


References

Advertisements. (1924, April 26). The Straits Times, page 8
Deaths. (1927, April 23). The Straits Times, page 7
In Memoriam. (1979, February 1979).The Straits Times, page 21
Song, O.S. (1984). One hundred years history of the Chinese in Singapore. Singapore: Oxford University Press, page 531

Sunday, June 04, 2017

Mary Chan Siew Eng (Bukit Brown)

An interesting discovery of a marble tomb with a clear picture of a young lady who passed away at the young age of 20 was posted recently by Raymond Goh. What is more interesting is her link to a circus troupe where she plays the role of tiger trainer. Her name in the burial registrar is: Mary Chan Siew Eng.

Mary Chan Siew Eng 


Tiger Trainer of the Chinese Sports Circus



"See Miss CHAN SIEW ENG showing her prowess in her performance with the three fierce Tigers !
AND YET SHE  IS ONLY 16 YEARS OLD "

was the advertisement article by the Chinese Sports Circus on 6 April 1936 , when they performed at the Great World and even extended their performance beyond 1 week due to popularity. What is for sure, the Chan Siew Eng here matches closely with Mary Chan Siew Eng's age as well in 1936.

source: NewspaperSG

Another interesting aspect of this tomb 故妣  is the discussion on the name of the children that is engraved on her tomb (小 佩  Siao Pei and  大佩  Ta Pei). Raymond Goh provides a reasoning that the reverse children sequence order, the animate nature of the names 小 佩 , 大佩 and because Chan Siew Eng age matches with the Chan Siew Eng who is the tiger trainer from the Chinese Sport Circus; the name Siao Pei and Ta Pei might be the tigers she trained and indicated as her children in her tomb. There is of course no 100% proof of this yet, but this is done with the available sources and inference was made. If there is anyone with more information and evidence, do email me. Mary Chan Siew Eng / Chan Siew Eng passed away at the age of 20 on 25th February 1941. She is buried in Block 4 Section A plot 1329.

There are two other tombs with circus linkage and both are in the same Hill and Section as Mary Chan Siew Eng. They are: Sun Si Ting (Tai Thean Khew Circus) and Madam Cheng Kao Shin (Cheng Chang Fu Circus).
Burial registrar record of Mary Chan Siew Eng 

Tomb of Mary Chan Siew Eng at Bukit Brown
Tomb of Mary Chan Siew Eng 

There are two other tombs with circus linkage and both are in the same Hill and Section as Mary Chan Siew Eng. They are: Sun Si Ting (Tai Thean Khew Circus) and Madam Cheng Kao Shin (Cheng Chang Fu Circus).


References 
Advertisement. (1936, April 6). The Straits Times, page 5

Saturday, June 03, 2017

Miss Gwee Chye Neo (Bukit Brown)

Miss Gwee Chye Neo passed away at the age of 21 on 19th June 1926. She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs Gwee Cheng Lee and younger sister of  Gwee Soon Neo nee Mrs. Ong Boon Tat. The tomb is beautifully decorated with decorative tiles from S.A, Ceramics, Belgium (1907-1930). She is buried in Hill 1 Division B, plot 304.

Tomb of Miss Gwee Chye Neo 

Family


Mother: Madam Lee Lean Neo 
Mrs Gwee Cheng Lee nee Madam Lee Lean Neo passed away in 18 November 1923 at 13-4, Lorong 25-a Geylang Road. In the article, it was mention that she was the mother of Gwee Kim Keng. Her tomb is in Bukit Brown.

Father: Gwee Cheng Lee
Mr. Gwee Cheng Lee passed away at the age of 73 on 30th May 1946 at his residence, 166 Upper Serangoon Road. He is survived by his widow, 3 sons, Gwee Kim Keng, Gwee Kim Guan, Gwee Kim Chee, 5 daughters; Mrs. Ong Boon Tat, Madam Tan Yin Seong, Mrs. Tan Chin Bock, Gwee Ghee Neo, Gwee Hoe Neo, 1 son-in-law, Tan Chin Bock,  several grandchildren including Ong Tiang Wee, Ong Tiang Guan and many great grandchildren.

Gwee Cheng Lee's tomb is in Bukit Brown and after checking with Raymond Goh, Gwee Cheng Lee's tomb has names of two family on each of the tomb panel:

Left Panel
Sons : Gwee Kim Keng, Gwee Kim Ko
Daughters : Gwee Soon Neo, Gwee Chye Neo

Right panel
Sons: Gwee Kim Guan, Gwee Kim Chee
Daughters: Gwee Ghee Neo, Gwee Hoe Neo, Gwee Chwee Neo

Step-mother: Madam Cheang Yong Neo
<do not have any information at the moment>

Brother: Gwee Kim Keng
Gwee Kim Keng, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Gwee Cheng Lee married Lee Hock Neo, eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs Lee Soon Hee at 45 McCallum Street on 28 November 1922.

Sister: Gwee Soon Neo 
Mrs Ong Boon Tat nee Madam Gwee Soon Neo passed away at the age of 58 on August 29, 1952 at 10:50 am at Bukit Rose, 259, Bukit Timah Road after several months of illness. She is survived by her sons, Ong Tiang Wee, Ong Tiang Guan, Ong Tiang Hin, daughters; Ong Lim Neo and Ong Moh Eng. Grandchildren; Ong Eng Yeow, Ong Eng Kong, Ong Eng Sim, Ong Sin Leng, Ong Sin Qui and Ong Chong Bee. Madam Gwee Soon Neo is buried in Bukit Brown, next to Ong Boon Tat.

Madam Gwee Soon Neo nee Mrs. Ong Boon Tat
(photo courtesy of Sharon Ong)

Step-brother: Gwee Kim Guan
Engagement was announced in November 1953 between Gwee Kim Guan, son of Mrs. Gwee Cheng Lee and the late Mr. Gwee Cheng Lee and Nancy Seow, only daughter of Mrs Seow Tiong Kim and the late Mr. Seow Tiong Kim.

Step-sister: Gwee Ho Neo / Gladys Gwee Ho Neo
An engagement notice was announced on 31 May 1959 between Alan Poh Liang (only son of Madam Quah Oh Nee and the late Mr Poh Chee Beng) and Gladys Gwee Ho Neo , youngest daughter of Madam Cheang Yong Neo and the late Mr. Gwee Cheng Lee.



References
Domestic Occurrence. (1922, December 2). The Malayan Tribune, page 6
Domestic Occurrence. (1923, November 19). The Straits Times, page 8
Death. (1946, May 31). The Malayan Tribune, page 4
Advertisement. (1959, May 31). The Straits Time, page 10