Monday, July 21, 2014

Aerial view of Bukit Brown in 1948 - Ong Sam Leong's tomb

The detailed aerial photograph of Bukit Brown taken in 1948 by the British Royal Air Force 81 Squadron sparked my interest to identify some of the structures seen from air with the old and new photographs taken from ground. In this article, i will focus on the aerial view of the largest tomb in Bukit Brown. Interestingly you can also spot a building close by the tomb (among the trees)which does not exist today. 

Ong Sam Leong (王三龙) (1857 -1918) was the owner of Sam Leong and Company that provided and supplied manpower (indentured laborers) for the mining of phosphate at Christmas Island. He was the owner of properties, rubber estates and even a brick works in Batam. Among the Chinese Community, he was influential as well, being once the head of the Ban Chye Hoe Club.

Ong Sam Leong's tomb 
Images of Mr and Mrs Ong Sam Leong 
Ong Sam Leong 
Ong Peng Hock, Mrs Ong Sam Leong, Ong Boon Tat
(source: NewspaperSG) 
Mr Ong Sam Leong's hearse (photo taken from exhibition)

Mrs Ong Sam Leong's funeral entourage in Bukit Rose
(source: NewspaperSG) 
Funeral Hearse of Mrs Ong Sam Leong
(source: NewspaperSG)
Aerial photo (photo taken at exhibition) 

Further Reading
Bukit Brown Exhibition: Documenting New Horizons of Knowledge, posted on July 20, 2014
Aerial view of Bukit Brown - roundabout, posted on July 20, 2011
Ong Sam Leong (Bukit Brown), posted on December 4, 2011
Ong Boon Tat, posted on February 24, 2013
Ong Peng Hock, posted on April 1, 2013
Oon Chim Neo (Seh Ong), posted on January 4, 2013

Sunday, July 20, 2014

Aerial view of Bukit Brown in 1948 -roundabout

The detailed aerial photograph of Bukit Brown taken in 1948 by the British Royal Air Force 81 Squadron sparked my interest to identify some of the structures seen from air with the old and new photographs taken from ground. The montage i did showcases and pinpoints the location of the shelter that use to exist in Bukit Brown. This shelter was used by the descendants of the funeral to seek shelter from the hot sun or as can be seen from one of the photos below, the torrential rain.
Aerial view of the roundabout area in Bukit Brown 
The roundabout existed until the start of the 8 lane highway which eventually leveled it. The picture on the bottom right shows the location and the picture of the Bukit Brown temple which no longer exist. Beside the temple and clearly visible in the aerial photograph is the unique tomb of Ho Siak Kuan's cluster.

Bukit Brown 


Further Reading
Bukit Brown Exhibition: Documenting New Horizons of Knowledge, posted on July 20, 2014
Old Pictures of Bukit Brown, posted on February 9, 2014
Bukit Brown roundabout in the past, posted on March 21,2012
Ho Siak Kuan (Bukit Brown), posted on February 22, 2012

Bukit Brown Exhibition : Documenting New Horizons of Knowledge

I had the honor of being invited to witness the launch of the Bukit Brown : Documenting New Horizons of Knowledge, an exhibition by ISEAS ( Institute of South East Asian Studies ) and Nanyang Technological University. The exhibition was graced by Minister of State (MOS ) National Development, Desmond Lee and a tour of all the panels and artefact's by ISEAS Senior Fellow and Head of the Bukit Brown Documentation Team, Dr Hui-Yew Foong. The exhibition currently on display from July 19 to October 10, 2014 in National Library, Level 9 provides a rare glimpse into the documentation process, the artifacts found, the tomb architecture and materials used, the pioneers buried there and finally the believes and rituals that are associated with Bukit Brown. Alongside the exhibition are displays of high tech rendition of the graves using mapping technology and finally a huge and very detailed aerial photo of Bukit Brown taken in 1948 by the British Royal Air Force. 
Dr Hui-Yew Fong giving a tour to MOS Desmond Lee and other guest

Artifacts showing the material used in tombs in Bukit Brown 
Professor Kwa Chong Guan and Lim Chen Sian
Visiting Fellow, Archaeology Unit
During the exhibition i learned not only about the history of Bukit Brown but also the community or village that used to exist along Kheam Hock Road such as the Chin Chung School that used to be situated at No 25, Jalan Berahi off Kheam Hock Road and the residents of the village which made up both Chinese and Malay families.
Some of the artefacts on display
Another artefacts which help me gained further insight was the certificate and receipt dated June 1941 for the purchase of two plots for the late Mr Kuah Thye Chor and Mrs Kuah Thye Chor for two plots, 168 and 169, Block V Section B.  I was told based on this documentation, the prices for the plots remained the same (i.e. no inflation !) from 1922 - 1941.

Following through the panels of the exhibit and listening to Dr Hui-Yew Foong share his wealth of knowledge, has helped me to appreciate the connections Bukit Brown has with its neighboring regions through the stories of the pioneers buried in Bukit Brown. I am also touched by the documentation team story of the Spiritual Philanthropy observed during the Hungry Ghost festival, whereby some religious group will give offerings to the souls who have not been visited for many years.

Burial Artefacts 
More than 2,000 artefacts have been documented during the exhumation process of the graves affected by the 8 lane highway. Not all are on display, but some of the artefacts i got see include the famous Chinese Scholar and social reformist, Khoo Seok Wan.  Khoo Seok Wan's Total Abstinence Medal ( a medal by the Total Abstinence Association awarded to someone who have abstained from alcohol). Madam Khoo Siok Hui's funeral urn (the urn was used to re-inter her bones from an older cemetery where she died in 1836) highlights the close linkage between Singapore and Malacca. Her son, Chee Yam Chuan made a name for himself in Malacca via tin mining.
Khoo Seok Wan's medallion and Madam Khoo Siok Hui's funeral urn
Other artefacts that caught my eye on display include personal items such as jewellery (rings, bangles, hairpins and brooches commonly used by Peranakan women) and funeral items buried together with the deceased to help in the journey to the afterlife.
Personal artefacts
Funeral objects

More discoveries and link to the Adam Park Prisoner of War Chapel 
The final exhibit that i spent a lot of time looking at was the detailed aerial photograph  of Bukit Brown taken in 1948 by the British Royal Air Force 81 Squadron . Gleaming through the photo of Bukit Brown i could see the Bukit Brown temple, the shelter near the round-about, aerial view of prominent tombs, the sepoy or coolie lines and the Kheam Hock village. It was here i struck a conversation with Jon Cooper (a battlefield archaeologist  in charge of the Adam Road Park documentation ) about the battle that took place from Kheam Hock to Bukit Brown and finally Mount Pleasant. He shared that the bungalow's in Mt Pleasant was the last defending point after the soldiers retreated from Bukit Brown. They fought another round of fierce battle before orders of surrender came in. We then focus our eyes to Adam Park on the bottom left of the map. It was here when Jon exclaimed that this map provided proof of the location of the Prisoner of War Chapel, house No 11 where the damage seen from the aerial map at No.11 seems to be the same as Robert Mitchell's image of the Chapel House.
Aerial view of Bukit Brown 
POW Chapel 
I wish Jon Cooper all the best if he can verify 100% this discovery. What's for sure, i will shall share in another blog post what i made out of from the aerial photo. Do look out for it !

A travelling exhibition
The exhibition will also travel to the following libraries:
Ang Mo Kio Public Library ( Oct 12 -31, 2014)
Jurong Regional Library ( Nov 3 -30, 2014)
Choa Chu Kang Public Library ( Dec 3 -31, 2014)
Toa Payoh Library Public Library ( Jan 4 -31, 2015)

Do remember to visit this one of kind exhibition either at National Library or a public library near your neighbourhood. Again, my thanks to ISEAS ( Institute of South East Asian Studies ) for the invite and the hardwork in documenting Bukit Brown. Nevertheless, my preference is that the remaining site will be gazetted a UNESCO Heritage site and i hope more will become more aware as a result of this exhibition.

Further Reading
Exhumations in Bukit Brown, posted on July 8, 2014
Last Qing Ming for some residents, posted on April 1, 2014
Khoo Seok Wan and family, posted on November 22, 2013
Bukit Brown, our roots, our future (an exhibition), posted on June 26, 2013

Monday, July 14, 2014

Khoo Teng Hin and family (Bukit Brown)

Khoo Teng Hin was a propety owner and dealer. He was also a committee member of the Tiang Ho Kok Association before becoming its Vice-President in 1932.
Mr and Mrs Khoo Teng Hin
Khoo Teng Hin together with Tiang Ho Kok Association members
Death
Khoo Teng Hin passed away on September 11, 1938 at the age of 59. Madam Lim Chye Kim passed away on June 5, 1933 at the age of 52. On his tomb, listed are the name of his sons (Khoo Eng Teck, Khoo Eng Wan, Khoo Eng Chye, Khoo Eng Watt, Khoo Eng Poh, Khoo Eng Tee, Khoo Eng Tin, Khoo Eng Cheng, Khoo Eng Hock, Khoo Eng Chuan, Khoo Eng Choon,Khoo Eng Tong, Khoo Eng Chiong, Khoo Eng Hong) , daughters (Khoo Wan Neo, Khoo Eng Neo, Khoo Seong Neo, Khoo Lee Neo, Khoo Sim Neo, Khoo Hye Neo) and grandchildren (Khoo Chin Beow, Khoo Cheng Wee, Khoo Cheng Lim, Khoo Cheng Lock, Khoo Cheng Soon and Khoo Cheng Bee).
Tomb of Mr and Mrs Khoo Teng Hin 


Family

Father: Khoo Ban Seng 
Khoo Ban Seng passed away at age of 76 on February 8, 1924 at his residence in No 5 Shanghai Road. The paper said that he is survived by two sons; Messrs. Khoo Teng Hin and Khoo Teng Leong and 16 grandchildren. The funeral was held on February 17, 1924 at Selat Road Cemetery. Madam Ho Lek Neo , the mother of Khoo Teng Hin and Khoo Teng Leong passed away on January, 1912.

Son: unknown
There was a report on the papers that on December 9, 1923, that the eldest son of Khoo Teng Hin drowned while swimming off sea at 6 3/4 mile, Pasir Panjang. No name was mentioned.

Son: Khoo Eng Teck
Secretary of the Shanghai Badminton Party, Khoo Eng Teck together with his brothers, Khoo Eng Wah and Khoo Eng Poh were office bearers as well. His brother, Khoo Eng Wah was also in badminton.

Son: Khoo Eng Wah
Khoo Eng Wah (the third son of the late Mr and Mrs Khoo Teng Hin) passed away at the age of 39 at his residence at No. 35 Koek Road, Syonan on May 27, 1945. He is survived by his wife, 2 sons, 4 daughters and several brothers. He is buried in Bukit Brown.

Son: Khoo Eng Poh 
Khoo Eng Poh left school in 1925 and worked in a commercial firm for several years and got married. He then became a medical student and graduated from King Edward VII College of Medicine as a dental surgeon. During his college years, he was the first dental student to be elected to be the Medical College Union President.

Son: Khoo Eng Tee
Khoo Eng Tee (seventh son of Khoo Teng Hin and the late Madam Lim Chye Kim) married Miss Cheang Seok Hean Neo alias Mary Cheang ( third daughter of Mr. Cheang Jim Chuan and the late Madam Chan Kim Hong Neo ) on February 1938.
Khoo Eng Tee and Cheang Seok Hean
Son: Khoo Eng Tin (William Khoo Eng Tin)
Khoo Eng Tin joined the British Army as a civilian officer. He married Madam Lily Wee (daughter of Wee Kheng Cheng and Madam Khoo Yang Neo) in October 1944. They have four children, Madam Helen Khoo Chiew Gek, Mr. George Khoo Chin Beng,  Mr. Richard Khoo Chin Chye, Madam Margaret Khoo Poh Gek. Khoo Eng Tin passed away on March 29, 1989 at the age of 71.

[research on-going ]

References
Social and Personal (1912, February 1). The Straits Times
Untitled. (1923, December 10). The Straits Times
Death. (1924, February 9). The Straits Times
Tiang Ho Kok Association. (1932, January 24). The Straits Times
Medical Union Officials. (1936, June 7). The Straits Times
Untitled. (1938, February 20). The Straits Times
Acknowledgments. (1945, May 30). The Syonan Times
Advertisement. (1999, August 9). The Straits Times

Friday, July 11, 2014

Bread seller on wheels (Penang and Singapore)

A trip to Ayer Itam, Penang to eat Penang Assam Laksa at Ayer Itam Wet Market at Jalan Pasar, was nostalgic since it was many years since i have not eaten the assam laksa in this location. The old memories of sitting behind the Ayer Itam / Air Itam  wet market slurping the noodles and assam broth while getting used to the smell of clogged up drains beside us was something i remembered till this very day and this remained very much the same despite the price increase  (now RM$5 ) and my opinion that there is lesser mackerel fish and the assam laksa broth somewhat less thick but spicier. 
Ayer Itam Assam Laksa 
A vanishing trade - Bread seller on wheels 
Since i am in on the theme of food nostalgia, what strike me even more as nostalgic was the sighting of a bread seller on wheels. He parked beside the Ayer Itam wet market and was in the process of cutting a sandwich bun and spreading it with kaya (coconut jam) when i went over and took pictures of him doing his trade. The young bread seller when asked told me he took over this business for 1 year already.

Bread seller on wheels
Bread Seller on Wheels
Bread seller on wheels
Cutting a bread into slices and spreading it with kaya 

Bread seller on wheels
All done !
Such trades still continue to survive in Malaysia despite the mushrooming of big mega malls, 24 hour outlets such as 7-eleven because of their personal touch in the community they serve and ability to reach to the individuals and families.I hope they will continue to survive for years to come.

A vanished trade in Singapore 
In Singapore, with development of centralised hawker centres, many illegal hawkers disappeared.  Below are some of pictures i can find of bread sellers in Singapore. If you have some old pictures of this vanished trade in Singapore, do share with me. 

Breadseller on wheels- Tanjong Pagar 1989
source: National Archives 
Bread seller on wheels (near Capitol Theatre) 1982
source: National Archives
References
National Archives of Singapore [website] Archives Online

Tuesday, July 08, 2014

Exhumations in Bukit Brown

I had the opportunity to witness and document the exhumation process of 4 women buried in Bukit Brown who are affected by the 8 lane highway. The tombs i witness were:
  • Lee Poh Neo ( Khoo Kay Hian's 1st wife ) - peg 1905
  • Tan Lai Neo  ( Khoo Kay Hian's 2nd wife )  - peg 1907
  • Tan Sing Yong  ( Khoo Kay Hian's 3rd wife ) - peg 1908
  • Chen Xian Niang ( Khoo Kay Hian's mother )  - peg 1910
Madam Lee Poh Neo was not buried in Bukit Brown, but because her headstone was erected, the decision by the descendant was to do an exhumation out of respect and thus exhumation practices were followed similar to the rest of the women.

Moving House 
We arrived at Bukit Brown Land Transport Authority on-site office at 8:30 am and were given a visitor pass to wear and brought by van to the site. Everything was professionally done and with us was a Land Transport Authority (LTA) officer as well as a staff from the documentation team who were engaged not only to document each tomb but to collect and catalogue the artifacts found from the tombs. The volunteer also conducted an interview with the descendant.

After saying a few words of silent prayers, the "soil breaking" process began with one swift swing of the changkul after the grave diggers assigned to the various tomb sought permission from the descendant present to proceed. The grave diggers (who usually are tomb keepers as well at various cemeteries ) are contract workers by LTA, paid on a per tomb basis that they exhumed.
Soil breaking by the various grave diggers
One of the grave digger, Mr Syed Hussein told me that graves that are from the Japanese occupation period are usually very shallow given the limited time and high mortality rate during that period compared to the tombs of pre-war period, especially tombs from wealthy family - which are likely deeper and some buried in crypts.

One of the grave diggers is a 80+ Chinese man with the stamina and energy that put me to shame. Midway digging while removing large heavy granite rocks he found, he asked me whether i wanted to take over ! I smiled meekly and told him in Hokkien that i was too weak for such a difficult task. After an hour, most of them have dug 1.8 meters in depth.
Grave diggers making fast work of the task at hand 
The level where the coffin or remains are located are usually marked by changes in the color of soil and this grave diggers with many years of experience and are able to see and feel the variation or changes in soil color. In the case of Madam Tan Sin Yong's tomb, her coffin was found to be intact and a chainsaw was used to cut through the coffin top lid.
Madam Tan Sin Yong's coffin being opened
Prior to bringing out the remains, the next step would be to put up a temporary canopy or tent. The rationale for this is because of the belief that the remains or spirit of the deceased will dispersed when exposed to direct sunlight. ( For private exhumations, sometimes this process takes place at night at the request of the family). Putting up of the canopy as you can see from the picture below is a simple process done for all of the affected graves claimed.
Canopy / Tentage being placed over  Madam Tan Lai Neo's tomb 
Finally, the picking up of the remains is next done. In the case of Madam Lee Poh Neo who was not buried there, some soil was taken and this is washed with white wine for symbolic purposes before being placed into a bag. Madam Tan Lai Neo's and Madam Chen Xian Niang coffin was almost completely disintegrated had only a few pieces of bone matter, but the grave diggers were able to identify them and place them into a plastic container.
Collecting remains of  Madam Tan Lai Neo. She was buried in a Western style coffin 
For the case of Madam Tan Sin Yong's tomb, her coffin was intact and many bones were collected and subsequently washed with Chinese wine (to remove impurities) and finally begged for cremation in Mandai.
Collecting the remains of Madam Tan Sin Yong 
Washing with Chinese wine before being bagged 
Bagging the remains for cremation and final resting place in the Columbarium


Tomb Artifacts
In exhumations, i was told that different personal artifacts have been found. This artifacts are documented by the Bukit Brown documentation team and catalogued. In some cases this artifacts are donated to the museum for future exhibitions or storage. Below are some of the artifacts commonly found during exhumation.
Earthen ware utensils found among the remains and a mirror
[Left ] Coffin Nail with wood fragments  [Right] mirror 

Western coffin side decorative
Goodbye Bukit Brown?
The exhumation marks the demise of parts of Bukit Brown. Although 4,153 graves are affected, the area of concern represents an area that represent 16% of Bukit Brown and also cuts major access points to this area. The exhumation itself destroys many unique tombs and forcibly remove many pioneers buried here. For the fortunate, they are remembered by the descendants and claimed. For the many unclaimed, they will be eventually disposed at sea. I hope more descendants will step up, to not only claim but join the efforts to save the rest of Bukit Brown as a Heritage Park for future generations.

Rest of the exhumed tombs 
Remains bagged, for cremation 
Acknowledgement: Thanks to Kim for her blessing to document this.

Related article 
Khoo Kay Hian (Bukit Brown), posted on July 30, 2012
Public Exhumations of graves started, posted on December 19, 2013

How to claim
Those who wish to claim their ancestors' remains can do so via one of the following methods:

(1) By fax and post to :

Land Transport Authority of Singapore
Survey and Lands Division
1 Hampshire Road
Block 5 Level 2
Singapore 219428
Fax : 6396 1136

(2) Register in-person at our office at the above-stated address between 8.30 a.m. and 5 p.m., Mondays to Fridays except public holidays.

(3) Visit the LTA site office at Bukit Brown Cemetery (at open area near the cemetery gate) between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Mondays to Fridays except public holidays.

The list of names of the deceased which can be discerned from the tombstones of the Affected Graves (excluding those graves that have been claimed) can be viewed here. However, this list could not be comprehensive as some of the deceased’s full names cannot be discerned from the tombstones due to age and wear-and-tear. Next-of-kin/descendants who may have ancestors buried within the affected boundary should also contact LTA to confirm if their ancestors’ graves are affected by the exhumation exercise.

LTA would also like to inform claimants who have registered their claims of ancestors' remains, that the exhumation of the Affected Graves will be carried out in stages after 15th April 2013. All registered claimants will be notified via post prior to the exhumation date.

References
Exhumation form. [website] Land Transport Authority 
Final exhumation notice. [website] Land Transport Authority 

Tuesday, July 01, 2014

Tan Keong Saik and family (Bukit Brown)

Mr. Tan Keong Saik, J.P was born in Malacca on July 19, 1850 and he was a son of Tan Choon Sian. Educated in a Christian Brother's School in Penang, he went to Singapore and joined Messrs Lim Kon Wan & Sons as a shipping clerk and later storekeeper in Borneo Co. His skills made him a prominent person in the mercantile industry in the Straits Settlement.
Tan Keong Saik 
His father, Tan Choon Sian together with his uncle, Tan Choon Bock and Tan Beng Swee, commenced with coasting steamers ( Benmore, Japan, Sharpshooter) which was the precursor of Straits Steamship Co. Ltd. ( Tan Choon Sian and Tan Choon Bock was once with Messrs Kim Seng and Co. as well).  Tan Keong Saik was in the Board of Directors. He was a director in the Singapore Slipway Co. Ltd. (1890) and the Tanjong Pagar Dock Co Ltd. (and later Board Member of Tanjong Pagar Dock Co Ltd). He was also for many years the Manager for Capitan Yap Kwan Seng of chop Sin Heng Tye, located in Philip St and later Robinson Road.

Tanjong Pagar Docks
Social Reformist and Community leader in Public Affairs
Despite a busy work schedule, Tan Keong Saik found time to contribute back to the community. He was one of the first members of the Chinese Advisory Board and of the Po Leung Kuk (Society for the Protection of Girls and Women). He was a social reformist for being one of the early advocates for education of Chinese girls. When Miss Sophie Blackmore started Methodist mission work in 1885, Tan Keong Saik arranged for his daughters to be taught English by her. He also rendered Bishop Oldham much assistance in the establishment of the Anglo Chinese Schools and development of schools such as St. Joseph's Institution. He was a committee member of the Straits Settlements Association.

Tan Keong Saik was in 1887 elected to the Singapore Municipal Commission and upon is retirement appointed a Justice of Peace. His appointment has Justice of Peace in 1887 was the same time as Cheang Hong Lim. Ill health from kidney troubles compelled him to retire at his seaside bungalow in Changi. Despite that, government officials continued to visit him to seek his advice on policy matters.

Death 
Tan Keong Saik passed away on September 29, 1909. His coffin was borne under an expensive and elaborately decorated covering or kwantah, with banners, a Filipino brass band together with the string band of Alhambra. The chief mourner was the eldest son, Tan Cheng Kee. The cortege left from Tan Keong Saik's house in Middle Road to Prinsep St., Rochore Canal Rd, Bukit Timah Road, Thomson Rd and finally Moulmein Road where he was interned in the family burial ground.

He is survived by 3 sons ( Tan Cheng Kee, Tan Cheng Tun, Tan Cheng Wah), 3 daughters (Tan Fong Neo, Tan Teck Neo, Tan Choo Neo),  3 son-in-laws,  ( Wee Kay Hin, Lee Choon Guan and Cheng Keng Lee ).


Tan Keong Saik
Mrs Tan Kiong Siak ( Madam Ang)

Mr. Tan Cheng Tit 
Mrs Tan Cheng Tit
Uncle: Tan Choon Bock
Sons: Tan Keong Keng, Tan Keong Jeang,Tan Keong Ann, Tan Keong Thye
Nephews: Tan Keong Hoh, Tan Keong Saik, Tan Keong Gee, Tan Keong Kiam, Tan Keong Sum, Tan Keong Tee, Tan Keong Pat

Son: Tan Cheng Kee (residence in 67 Waterloo Street)
Tan Cheng Kee, J.P is the proprietor of Alhambra Theatre which he purchased in 1909, Marlborough Theatres and later Palladium Cinema in 1918 for $25,000. Tan Cheng Kee's wife, Madam Ong Whye Gann passed away on January 25, 1927 at the age of 50 and his buried in Bukit Brown.

Tan Cheng Kee passed away on September 12, 1939 at his residence in 319, East Coast Road and was buried in Bidadari Cemetery. He is survived by a son, Tan Soon Lay, a daughter, Josephine Tan, son-in-law Wee Guan Hong and 1 daughter-in-law; Yeo Siok Tin and 3 grandchildren.
Alhambra Theatre in Beach Road
(source: PictureSG)
Grandson: Tan Soon Lay 
Mr. Tan Soon Lay, the only son of Tan Cheng Kee married Miss Yeo Seok Tin, only daughter of the late Mr Yeo Kang Swee and Mrs Yeo Kang Swee and niece of Mr. and Mrs Ong Peng Hock. Their wedding took place at  Church of St. Teresa, Kampong Bahru on October 1936.
Mr Tan Soo Lay and Miss Yeo Seok Tin 

Grand-daughter: Josephine Tan 
Miss Josephine Tan, daughter of Tan Cheng Kee and nice of Mrs Lee Choon Guan,  married Mr. Wee Guan Hong, son of Mr and Mrs. Wee Tiam Hock at the Church of St. Teresa, Kampong Bahru on November 1935.

Miss Josephine Tan and Mr Wee Guan Hong. 

Son: Tan Cheng Toon
Tan Cheng Toon was the General Manager of Messrs. Tan Cheng Kee and Co. Ltd. Mr. Tan Cheng Toon passed away on August 3, 1930. He is survived by a second wife, 4 daughters, 3 son-in-law ( Chua Tian Lye, Low Seng Ann and Chia Poh Chong ), seven grandchildren, 2 adopted sons ( Tan Soon Kiat and Tan Teck Seng ). Madam Ang Quee Neo passed away at her residence in 116-1 Emerald Hill at the age of 41 on July 28, 1924.

Legacy
A street in Chinatown, called Keong Saik Road was named in remembrance of his contributions.

[Research on-going]

References
Local and General. (1887, July 6). Straits Times Weekly
Death of Keong Saik. (1909, September 30). The Straits Times
The Late Mr. Tan Keong Saik. (1909, October 6). The Straits Times
Untitled. (1918). The Straits Times
Untitled. (1924, July 29). The Straits Times.
Domestic Occurrences. (1927, January 26).The Singapore Free Press
Death. (1930, August 5). The Straits Times,
Untitled. (1935, November 17). The Straits Times
Untitled. (1936, October 12). The Straits Times
Death. (1939, September 14). The Straits Times
Advertisement. (1964, December 7). The Straits Times
Wright, Arnold, and Henry Adolphus Cartwright, eds. Twentieth century impressions of British Malaya: its history, people, commerce, industries, and resources. Lloyd's Greater Britain publishing Company, limited, 1908.
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