Wednesday, July 27, 2016

Tan Gim Wee and family (Bukit Brown)

Tan Gim Wee was a pawnbroker of chop Teong Moh at No 472, North Bridge Road and from 1899 -1909, there were several mentions of auctions of unclaimed pawn items that took place in a very much regulated business even back then. In 1909, Tan Gim Wee got into trouble for taking into his pawnshop, 2 large stolen brass candlesticks without declaring or informing the police despite the fact a circular was sent out, He was fine $8 as well as losing out on the $4 advance he gave. The candlesticks was returned to the original owner.

Mr Tan Gim Wee and Madam Pang Say Nah 
He was the Secretary of the Yew Gee Hean Association in 1921. (The President of the Association during that year was was Seah Kim Soh). He also purchased several land and house in Geylang Road area.



Death 

Tan Gim Wee passed away on December 24, 1931 at the age of 53 at his residence in No. 203, Geylang. He leaves behind his widow, 3 sons, 3 daughters, 3 son-in-laws, 1 daughter-in-law and 11 grandchildren. His wife is Madam Pang Say Nah.

The tomb is very ornate and art deco in design and features also a pair of Punjabi /Sikh Guards. The font type that inscribes their names are also unique.

Tomb of Mr and Mrs Tan Gim Wee


Mr Tan Gim Wee and Madam Pang Say Nyah
Block 3 Division A @1.337192,103.824726
Unique Fonts used

Family 

Son: Tan Beng Chye, Tan Beng Hian, Tan Beng Moh
Daughters: Tan Bee Hong, Tan Bee Hoon, Tan Bee Luan
Son-in-laws: Lim Nee Eng, Lim Hock Yan, Teonh Kim Eng,





Mother-in-law: Madam Chia Wan Neo
Madam Chia Wan Neo passed away at the age of 78 on December 6, 1932 at her residence in No. 12, Lorong 4 Geylang Road. She is survived by two daughters,  Mrs Tan Boon Pah and Mrs. Tan Gim Wee, 5 grandsons; Quek Chek Yan, Tan Teng Chye, Tan Beng Hian, Tan Beng Moh, 7 granddaughters and 34 great grandchildren. She is buried in Bukit Brown.

Madam Chia Wan Neo (Hill 1)

Daughter: Tan Bee Hong
The tomb of Madam Tan Bee Hong and Teo Kim Eng is located just in front of Tan Gim Wee's tomb.
Teo Kim Eng passed away in 12 April 1955 at the age of 63 and is buried in Bukit Brown Hill 3 Division A. Next to him is Madam Tan Bee Hoon (daughter of Mr and Mrs.Tan Gim Wee) who passed away on 12 August 1959 at the age of 54.

Recently cleaned tomb of Mr Teo Kim Eng and Madam Tan Bee Hong 


Pawnbroking in Singapore

With the Chinese migrants came the system on borrowing and lending money via pawn shops. The early records of pawnshop in Singapore was in 1872, the Sheng He Dang (生和当) opened by Lan Qiu Shan (蓝秋山) and his partners at Jalan Bukit Merah. A government licensing system for pawnbrokers was established as early as 1822 during the administration of William Farquhar and the Pawnbrokers Ordinance passed in 1898 (during Tan Gim Wee's time of operations).  Initially dominated by the Hokkiens and Teochews, the Hakkas in the 1920's were the major owners of this pawnshops. If you are interested to read more, there are links i referenced below including one of how a pawnshop receipt looks like.




Family Cluster of Tan Gim Wee at Bukit Brown


References

Property Sales. (1908, May 28). The Straits Times
Trouble of Brass Candlesticks. (1909, January 27). The Straits Times
Untitled. (1921, September 13). The Straits Times
Acknowledgements. (1931, December 29). The Straits Times
Domestic Occurrences. (1931, December 24). TheStraits Times
Pawnbroking in Singapore. (website). Infopedia
A receipt from Keng Hin Pawnshop. (website). Roots.sg
Monylending: A short history. BiblioAsia. Volume 3. Issue 1 April 2007 , p 22-27 (Eng Chuan, Ong)

Teo Kim Eng (Bukit Brown)

The large tomb and jovial picture of Mr Teo Kim Eng got me curious about him. His story is an interesting one. Teo Kim Eng (张金荣), a Hokkien businessman from Lam Ann, first came to Singapore at age of 12  and started working as a labourer and eventually earn enough to start in his own stall at the age of 17. By 20,  he was the owner of a thriving business and is the owner of Chop Guan Choon (源春号), a big tobacco wholesaler firm. He is the owner of a chain of rubber estates and houses.
Mr and Mrs Teo Kim Eng 

Philanthropist and "Kepala"

Prior to war, Teo Kim Eng contributed to the Malayan Patriotic Fund, London Air Raid Relief Fund and China Relief Fund. He is a millionaire but prefers to be known as a "kepala" of his 100-acre holiday resort in Tampenis. Mr. Teo Kim Eng was observed to be working with his labourers in his estate and was seen during weekends spending hours working under the hot sun, shirtless and armed with a changkol (hoe).  When a journalist who went down to his estate to interview Teo Kim Eng, the millionaire, he introduced himself as the kepala here.


Mr. Teo's estate of bungalows consist of various amenities such as a swimming pool and a dance hall and he opens it up freely to friends and picnic parties. It was reported in 1947 that he refused an offer of $14,400 a year to rent his bungalows in the estate.There are many articles of different groups (e.g Chinese YMCA, Eclipse B.P. , ) holding their events in Teo Kim Eng Villa in Punggol and Teo Guan Choon Villa in 10 mile off Tampenis Road.


Guan Choon & Co. 

Teo Kim Eng company is Guan Choo & Co. located at 149 Cross Street. There were many articles of his company renting out various seaside bungalows own by him. In 1956, 1 year after his death, Guan Choon & Co is associated with Teo Song Lian. If i follow the thread of Teo Song Lian  and the company, there was an article in the Business Times 1988, where Teo Song Lian as Chairman of Guan Choon & Company Pte Ltd sought for the company to be winded up voluntarily.




Death 

There was an acknowledgement notice in February 1942 by Teo Kim Eng of Chop Guan Choon, 149 Cross Street, thanking relatives and friends who attended the funeral of his wife. However the name of the wife was not mentioned.

Teo Kim Eng passed away in 12 April 1955 at the age of 63 and is buried in Bukit Brown Hill 3 Division A. Next to him is Madam Tan Bee Hoon (daughter of Mr and Mrs.Tan Gim Wee) who passed away on 12 August 1959 at the age of 54.
Tomb of Mr and Mrs Teo Kim Eng 

Legacy

There are roads named after him and his company, Teo Kim Eng Road and Jalan Guan Choon (expunged)
Jalan Guan Choon (Pasir Ris) -expunged

Teo Kim Eng Road 

(research on-going)


References

Acknowledgment. (1927, February 160. The Straits Times
This millionaire prefers to be known as a "Kepala". (1947). Sunday Tribune.


Saturday, July 23, 2016

Song Ong Siang and family (All Saints Memorial)

Sir Song Ong Siang was the the eldest son of Song Hoot Kiam and Phan Fung Lean. He served as a voluntary preacher and succeeded his father Song Hoot Kiam (when he died in 1900), as an elder of the church. He also served as Chairman of the Chinese Christian Association for many years and was a strong advocate for educational reform, helping in the formation of the Singapore Chinese Girls' School and becoming one of the members on the Board of Governors and its Vice-president.

Sir Song Ong Siang achieved many first. He was as earlier mentioned, the first Chinese to be Knighted. As a young boy, he was a brilliant student. He excelled in his studies and was the first recipient of the Queen's  Scholar but was disqualified due to the fact he was underage. The honor instead went to another distingushed person, Dr. Lim Boon Keng. He did eventually became a Queens Scholar in 1888 and was the first Queens Scholar to study law. He went on to establish the law firm, Aitken and Ong Siang. He was the first Chinese Captain in the Straits Chinese Volunteer Corp. Sir Song Ong Siang, to me epitomised the model colonial resident that the British sought to nuture and groom as British subject; a loyal and contributing member of the British Empire,
Captain Song Ong Siang and  Mrs Song Ong Siang (source: a20)

Sir Song Ong Siang and  Lady Helen Song Ong Siang (source: a20)

Death

Sir Song Ong Siang passed away on September 29, 1941 at the age of 70 and his wife, Helen Yeo Hee Neo passed away on February 28, 1951 at the age of 65. Both were buried in Bidadari. When Bidadari cemetery was claimed for further development, they were moved. The niche can now be found in All Saints Memorial.

Sir Song Ong Siang and Lady Helen 



Tomb of Sir and Mrs Song Ong Siang in Bidadari
(source: National Archives Online )

Family

Wife: Yeo Hee Neo
Miss Yeo Hee Neo, second daughter of the late Yeo Poon Seng and Mrs Yeo Poon Seng of No. 2 Stanley Road married Mr. Song Ong Siang on 28 September 1907 at the Presbysterian Church in Orchard Road.  The reception was held at the "Hollandia", No 4 Llyod Road.

Daughter: Grace Margaret Song
Grace Margaret passed away at the age of 14 on February 17, 1908 at 4, Lloyd Road. She was interred in Bidadari Cemetery.  

Adopted Daughter: Lily Nancy Song 
Their adopted daughter Lily Nancy Song passed away on April 14, 1944. 

Lily Nancy Song

Father: Song Hoot Kiam (1830-1900)
Song Hoot Kiam, (1830-1900) was a Straits born Chinese originally from Malacca. He was one of the first 6 Chinese converts of the Protestant mission and a pupil of Dr James Legge (later a Professor of Chinese Studies in Oxford University). Song Hoot Kiam was brought to Scotland to be educated and was baptised in 1847. Upon returning, he served with Reverand Benjamin Keasberry as a voluntary preacher and as the Treasurer of the Church. After his first wife's (Yeo Choon Neo) death, Song Hoot Kiam married Phan Fung Lean from a Penang Christian family in 1870. Their eldest child was Song Ong Siang. Song Hoot Khiam was to marry a third time leaving behind a total of five sons and nine daughters when he passed away in October 1900.
Song Hoot Kiam 

Aunt: Song Oon Leang 
Song Oon Leang (aunt of Song Ong Siang) passed away on November 14, 1917 at the age of 85. She was interned in Bidadari Cemetery.

Sister: Song Kee Nee
Miss Song Kee Nee passed away on November 8, 1919 at the age of 47.

Brother: Song Ong Joo
Song Ong Joo married Miss Lim Hian Neo (daughter of Mr Lim Koon Yong of Messrs. Braddell Brothers in April 1913. (Madam Lim Hian Neo is also known as Henrietta Lim ). Song Ong Joo passed away on May 26, 1962 while Madam Lim Hian Neo passed away on January 28, 1972.

Sister-in-law: Yeo Yam Neo (Mrs Tan Soo Bin)
Born 3 November, 1896, Yeo Yam Neo passed away on 23 December 1944. Yeo Yam Neo married Tan Soo Bin (the second son of Tan Jiak Kim).  In a Strait's Times article dated May 11, 1936, Mrs. Tan Soo Bin was identified as the first Singapore Chinese woman to fly from Europe (she flew from Amsterdam with the K.L.M ).
Mrs Tan Soo Bin 

Sister-in-law: Dolly Yeo Lim Neo 
Dolly Yeo Lim Neo is the youngest sister of Yeo Hee Neo and Yeo Yam Neo. She passed away on 31 October 1947
Dolly Yeo Lim Neo 

Legacy 

Prinsep Street Church
On the front facade of the beautiful red brick building of Prinsep Street Church is a marble stone that marks that the church was built in 1843 and rebuilt in 1930. The stone to commemorate the rebuilding of the church was laid by Song Ong Siang, Esq, C.B.E , V.D. , M.A., L.L.M, on March 5, 1930. Six years later he was knighted the K.B.E, becoming the first Straits Chinese to reach knighthood.
Commemorative Stone at Prinsep Street Church 
One hundred years' history of the Chinese in Singapore
Sir Song is  the famed author of the book, "One hundred years' history of the Chinese in Singapore", a book that captures the contributions of local chinese spanning across 1819-1919 and a book that many researcher still use today, including amateur history enthusiast like me.


References 

An interesting wedding. (1907, September 30). The Singapore Free Press, page 10
Death. (1908, February 18). The Straits Times, page 6
Straits Chinese Wedding. (1913, April 26). The Weekly Sun, page 6
Death. (1917, November 15). The Straits Times, page 6
Acknowledgement. (1919, November 11). The Singapore Free Press, page 6
Death of Sir Song Ong Siang in Singapore (1941, September 29). The Straits Times, page 8

Wednesday, July 20, 2016

Madam Lim Nyonya (Lao Sua)

One of the marble tombs that caught my attention is the tomb of Madam Lim Nyonya who passed away at the age of 52 on February 20, 1956. She is survived by her daughter Nancy Peck, her son-in-law, Khoo Kim Swee and grandchildren, Khoo Geok Lin, Khoo Keng Lin, Khoo Keng San

What strikes me is Madam Lim incorporated the term "Nyonya" in her name probably as indication that she was a Straits Born lady. Another probability is that it was a term of endearment for her by the people who know her. Many Straits born Chinese refer to themselves as Baba (men) or Nyonya (women) to differentiate themselves from the subsequent wave of Chinese migrants. There are many research materials written about the Baba's and Nyonya's and their customs, there is no need to mention it here.  

Madam Lim Nyonya

A search for Madam Lim Nyonya drew blank, but her daughter; Nancy Peck was able to provide me with the names of Madam Lim Nyonya's grandchildren.

Nancy Peck passed away at the age of 70 on July 7, 2000. She is survived by her husband; Khoo Kim Swee,

Sons: Khoo Keng Lin, Ernest ; Khoo Keng San, Derek
Daughters-in-law; Bay Sok Jua ; Chan Hui King, Penny
Daughters: Khoo Geok Lin, Valerie ; Khoo Keng San, Derek
Sons-in-law: Chua Choon Chuan, Samuel ; Lee Cheow Chuan, Kavlin ; Yu Wen Miin, Alfred
Godsons and Goddaughters:
Ng Tze Wei, William, Koh Beng Poo, Anthony Teo, Ng Tze Chiew, Diana


The names of Nancy Peck husband and children matches the name of the tomb of Madam Lim Nyonya, confirming the family relationship.

Greater Bukit Brown guided trail 

The tombs in Lao Sua or Greater Bukit Brown are part of the guided walks we started to raise awareness of its rich heritage and flora and fauna. Lao Sua is another large area of historical significance managed by the Hokkien Huay Kuan but subsequently sold to the Government under the land reclamation act for future development. First established after the old Tiong Bahru Cemetery was full, it was through the efforts of pioneers like Gan Eng Seng, Tan Beng Swee, Chia Ann Siang who donated money to create this cemetery cluster for purpose of burial of their immediate family and also other Chinese of the Hokkien dialect.

The stories are continuing to evolve, so do bear with the possible mistakes (if any) during the writing process of the stories. With more people in the community with better insights, i am sure more can rediscovered and the stories of the long forgotten past remembered again and piece back together bit by bit.

Stories from the Lao Sua / Greater Bukit Brown trail (more to come)
Chia Ong Cheng (posted on 2019, January 12)
Goh Sin Choon and family (posted on 2018, October 9)
Sng Chu Sien and family (posted on 2018, September 1)
Ho Soon Neo (posted on 2018, July 24)
Ng Whoey (posted on 2017, August 19)
Chua Soon Leong and family (posted on 2016, July 13)
Tan Soon Neo (posted on 2016, July 11)
Yeo Lock Gee (posted on 2015, March 5)
Song Chit Neo (posted on 2014, May 14)
Wan Eng Kiat (posted on 2014, May 16)
Wee Theam Tew (posted on 2012, October 29)

Wednesday, July 13, 2016

Chua Soon Leong and family (Lao Sua)

One of the most beautiful engraved and decorated pair of tombs in Lao Sua are the tomb's of Chua Soon Leong (died 2nd September 1920) and his wife Madam Tan Hiang Guat Neo (died July 10, 1910 age 35). Chua Soon Leong was a Comprador of Messrs. United Engineers. He was also the President of the Tiang Ho Kok Association and it was in one of the meetings held in July 1915, a motion was passed to invest £100 (out of the association's fund of £1000) on the British National War Loan.

Chua Soon Leong passed away at the age of 48 on 2nd September 1920 at his residence in No. 4 Seok Wee Road. In the article, it mentions that he is interned at Eng San Teng, Bukit Timah.

Chua Soon Leong


Chua Soon Leong

Mrs Chua Soon Leong nee Tan Hiang Guat Neo


Names of the children engraved in English 

Names of the children engraved in English - Chua Seng Hock, Chua Seng Neo, Chua Eng Bee 

United Engineers and Family Benefit Society

Chua Soon was a Comprador of United Engineers. The company history can be traced back to the nineteenth century when Riley Hargreaves & Co. (founded in 1865) and Howarth Erskine & Co. (founded in 1875) came together to form United Engineers Limited in 1912.

Chua Soon Leong was mentioned to be an auditor in rotation for the Family Benefit Society in February 1916. This society founded in 1913 by its founder Mr. Geo Ritchie of Messrs. Whiteaway, Laidlaw and Co, grew from 33 members with a capital of $60 to 500 members and a capital of nearly $5000 (in 1915). The made up of members include Europeans, Eurasians, Chinese and Indians. It was non-sectarian, non-denominational -advocating no religious order and no distinction to race, class and creed. Its objective was to bring comfort and relief to families when the main bread winner is sick or unable to work or has passed on. It does this by getting its members to save money every month into this mutual thrift fund.
Straits Settlement Blue Book for the year 1934

Straits Born Loyalties 

It was with the backdrop of World War I, when prominent Chinese towkays and leaders gathered on September 29, 1915 to discuss how the Straits-born Chinese community can be galvanised as Chinese British subjects to support the King and the British Empire for its war efforts beyond the Prince of Wales Relief Fund, Aircraft Fund, etc. There were many speakers on that day, held at the Chinese Chamber of Commerce and among them were Koh Siang Lim (Chairperson), Hon. Dr. Lim Boon Keng, Mr. Tan Jiak Kim, C.M.G. , Messrs Seah Leang Seah, Song Ong Siang, Ching Keng Lee, Gaw Khek Khiam, Seet Teong Wah, Yeo Hock Hoe, Lee Choon Guan, Chia Hood Thiam, Thiong Song Lim, Sye Jim Chan, K.S. Keat, Lim Nee Soon, Lee Pong Seng, Tan Soo Bin and many others.

One of the questions raised (and this was by Chua Soon Leong ) was who will look after the families of the ones who have gone to served. It was thus Dr. Lim Boon Keng standing on behalf of the Straits Chinese British Association who gave a moving speech on the ways the Chinese can actively contribute.

How the Straits born Chinese can help 

Family  

Father: Chua Cheng Chwee
Close to Chua Soon Leong tomb cluster is another large tomb that belongs to his father, Chua Cheng Chwee, a Qing dynasty tomb dated as 1891. 
Mr. Chua Cheng Swee 
Mrs Chua Cheng Swee nee Ee Kim Neo (died 1909)
One of Chua Soon Leong's sibling(sister) listed is Chua Bee Hong Neo. In the tomb of Madam Chua Cheng Swee nee who married Yeo Lock Gee.


Wife: Tan Hiang Guat Neo (1875-1910)
Madam Tan Hiang Guat Neo passed away at 6 am, 10th July 1910. She was 35 years of age. On her tomb are listed the names of the children, listed as follows:
Sons: Chua Seng Hock and Chua Eng Bee
Daughter: Chua Seng Neo


Sister: Chua Bee Hong Neo (died 26 April 1920)
One of Chua Soon Leong's sibling(sister) is Chua Bee Hong Neo. In the tomb of Madam Chua Cheng Swee nee Ee Kim Neo, Yeo Eng Wah was listed as adopted grandson. Chua Bee Hong Neo married Yeo Lock Gee. From that union, one of their sons was Yeo Eng Wah who married Chua Bin Neo alias Chik Nya (daughter of Chua Kim Teng)


Son: Chua Seng Hock (1894-1949)
Chua Seng Hock studied in Raffles Institution. Chua Seng Hock passed away at the age of 55 at his residence in No 126 Chin Swee Road on 8th July 1949. His wife is Madam Koh Geok Choo. Koh Geok Choo is the daughter of Mr and Mrs Koh Tiang Yang.

Wedding of Chua Seng Hock and Koh Geok Choo (photo courtesy of Cathie Chua)
Mr and Mrs Chua Seng Hock and family (photo courtesy of Cathie Chua)

Seated: Teresa Ong Chit Bee and Koh Tiang Yang (parents of Madam Koh Geok Choo).
Standing: Koh Yew Keng (black tie), Chua Seng Hock (bowtie), Koh Geok Choo
-photo courtesy of Cathie Chua


Madam Koh Geok Choo passed away on 10 September, 1980 at the age of 86. From the obituary notice, we can see the names of their children.
Sons: Chua Peng Swee, Chua Peng Guan, Chua Chye Soon, Chua Boon Hor, Chua Kwee Yang.
Daughters: Rose Chua, Lily Chua, Chua Bok Lan, Chua Lye Neo
Sons-in-laws: Chan Boon Hock, Stephen Lai, Francis Heng, Ho Boon Ann
Daughters-in-laws: Lim Soon Ai, Cecilia Chua, Ng Sai Hong, Phang Mui Keow, Koh Ah Gek.
The cortege left from 31 Ripley Crescent ,



4 Seok Wee Road (on auction)



Daughter: Chua Seng Neo / Mrs Lim Han Hoe  (4th June 1897-13th April 1978)
Chua Seng Neo married Sir Dr Lim Han Hoe, CBE, JP (27 April 1894 – 23 March 1983). He was a prominent Straits Chinese and doctor of that time. Born in Singapore in April 27,1894. He is the second son of Mr. and Mrs Lim Cheng Sah, a landowner. Lim Han Hoe studied in St.Andrews, Raffles Institution and later King Edward VII College of Medicine. He went to Scotland to join the Royal College of Surgeons and Physicans and later Edinburgh University. He practiced at St. Andrew's Hospital, Scotland 1918. Returning to Singapore in 1919, he took up a job as ship surgeon with China Mutal Steamship Company and later as a General Practice for Amoy Dispensary. In 1940, he was appointed as a member of the Executive Council before moving up to the Legislative council. In 1941, he made it the King's birthday honors and was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire. During the Japanese Occupation he was arrested and sentenced to seven years imprisonment at Outram Prison for the crime of listening to Allied Broadcast. Fortunately he survived it.  

Madam Chua Seng Neo (photo courtesy of Cathie Chua)


Dr. Lim Han Hoe 


Son: Chua Eng Sim 
A tomb behind the Chua Soon Leong cluster belongs to an infant by the name of Chua Eng Sim who was listed to have passed away at the age of 162 days on 10 am, Tuesday, 18th March 1913. The name of his parents are also mentioned at the tomb of the tomb: Chua Soon Leong (father) Koh Geok Chew (mother).

Chua Eng Sim



Family of Chua Seng Hock

Son: Chua Peng Swee /Alan Chua Peng Swee (died 1976)
Chua Peng Swee (nephew of Dr & Mrs Lim Han Hoe) got engaged to Miss Lim Soon Ai (daughter of Mrs Lim Kim Tian and the late Mr Lim Kim Tian) in 1945. In October 1947, they got married at St. Andrew's Cathedral. Alan Chua Peng Swee passed away on 12 August 1976 at the age of 54. His niche is in Mount Vernon Block 1 C 10.



Daughter: Rose Chua / Rose Chua Eng Tin (1919-2005)
Chua Seng Hock's eldest daughter Rose Chua (who is the niece of Hon. Dr & Mrs Lim Han Hoe) got engaged to Mr. Chan Boon Hock (the only son of Madam Cheong Guek Keow and the late Mr. Chan Chin Wah) in 1941.  Rose Chua Eng Tin passed away at the age of 86 on 22 January 2005.

.

[It is from here, we can established that one of Chua Seng Hock's sister married Dr. Lim Han Hoe. A check on ancestory.com gives a mentioned of Chua Seng Neo (1897-1978) being the spouse of Dr. Lim Han Hoe ]

Daughter: Lily Chua Eng Kiat (1919-1985)
Lily Chua Eng Kiat married Stephen Lai Tin Yong (died 3 April 1998). Lily passed away on 29 July 1985.
(photo courtesy of Cathie Chua)


Son: Chua Peng Guan / William Chua Peng Guan (died 2015)
William Chua Peng Guan married Cecilia Cheng (daughter of Joseph Cheng Kang Ngee and Maria Rosaline Goh Geok Yin; grand-daughter of John Baptist Cheng Khye Yong; great grand daughter of Cheng Ah Foo and Low Soon Neo )



Tomb Embellishments

The tombs of Mr and Mrs Chua Soon Leong are embellished or decorated with lovely statues, carvings and decorative tiles. 



Greater Bukit Brown guided trail 

The tombs in Lao Sua or Greater Bukit Brown are part of the future guided walks we plan to do or have already started in the past but to a lesser extend. Lao Sua is another large area of historical significance managed by the Hokkien Huay Kuan but subsequently sold to the Government under the land reclamation act for future development. First established after the old Tiong Bahru Cemetery was full, it was through the efforts of pioneers like Gan Eng Seng, Tan Beng Swee, Chia Ann Siang who donated money to create this cemetery cluster for purpose of burial of their immediate family and also other Chinese of the Hokkien dialect.

The stories are continuing to evolve, so do bear with the possible mistakes (if any) during the writing process of the stories. With more people in the community with better insights, i am sure more can rediscovered and the stories of the long forgotten past remembered again and piece back together bit by bit.

Stories from the Lao Sua / Greater Bukit Brown trail (more to come)
Tan Soon Neo (posted on 2016, July 11)
Yeo Lock Gee (posted on 2015, March 5)
Song Chit Neo (posted on 2014, May 14)
Wan Eng Kiat (posted on 2014, May 16)
Wee Theam Tew (posted on 2012, October 29)

References 

Straits Chinese and War (1915, September 30). The Singapore Free Press
Acknowledgments. (1920, September 11). The Straits Times
Death. (1920, September 4). The Straits Times, page 8
Advertisements. (1941, July 18). The Straits Times
Advertisements. (1945, December 8). The Straits Times
Knighthood for Doctor Lim Han Hoe. (1946, January 5). The Straits Times
Around the Town. (1947, October 2). The Morning Tribune, page 10
Seven Malayan's in Birthday Honors List. (1941, June 12). The Singapore Free Press
Death (1980, September 12). The Straits Times
History-United Engineers Limited. (website). Last accessed 28 September 2019